During this time, diabetes mellitus (DM) is identical with hereditary diseases and only attack them in old age. But in reality, the DM can affect anyone, do not know the age or economic status. Lifestyle changes is one of the factors leading to high risk of DM at this time.
Diabetes consists of two types, namely
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (type 1 DM)
Diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM type 2).
A person is said to suffer from DM 1 (Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus), if the body requires insulin supply from outside entirely due to pancreatic cells can not produce the hormone insulin. Type 1 diabetes is caused by genetic factors as well as other precipitating factors. Type 1 diabetes appear suddenly in childhood (under age 20), with symptoms of weight loss for no apparent reason, fatigue, frequent urination, and often feel hungry or thirsty.
While type 2 diabetes is also called Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, occurs if the supply is insufficient insulin in the pancreas, which causes impaired glucose delivery to cells throughout the body, but the sufferer speenuhnya not depend on external insulin supplies. Approximately 90% of diabetes cases are type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is generally not accompanied by specific symptoms, so many people are not aware of it. During this time, many consider that type 2 diabetes affects only the elderly, but is now proven type 2 diabetes can strike teenagers, and even children.
Excess weight and lifestyle changes will be a factor contributing to the DM. Research shows that four out of five people with type 2 diabetes, are obese. Keep in mind, about 80% of adolescents who are obese tend to become obese adults as well. While the children were obese, about 30-40% of them will be adults who are also obese, diabetic consequences would be even easier to attack.
Here are some suggestions that children avoid obesity which can lead to diabetes:
Set menu with 4 healthy 5 perfect choice varied menu so that the child does not get bored
Provide a healthy school lunch for children
Provide nutrition knowledge in children (like fast food) so they want to avoid these foods
Teaches regular exercise
Provide a nutritious snack
Familiarize regular diet, the three big meals (breakfast, lunch, and dinner) as well as a small meal or snack in between the